- CATARACT :
Diabetic patients are more likely to develop early cataract.
- GLAUCOMA :
The new vessels that form on the retina and the angels of the eye cause the intraocular pressure to rise causing irreversible damage to the optic nerve.
- Fundus Flourescein Angiography
- OCT of macula
- Retinal Laser Photocoagulation : Retinal laser treatment hels to reduce the oxygen demand of the diseased retina thereby causing the new vessels to shrink and stop further damage to the retina. 2-3 Laser sitting may be required depending on the severity of the retinopathy. After the laser treatment one may experience watering from eyes and mild headache or mild eye ache. These affects are temporary.
- Vitrectomy : This is surgical procedure by which the blood that has laeked in to the vitreous cavity (Eye gel) is cleared. In most patients vision improves by this surgery. One can return home on the same day of surgery. The eye drops and tablets prescribed at the end of the surgery have to be taken regularly for as long as the doctor suggests.
- Outdoor activity
- Regular eye examination is mandatory.
- Healthy diet and exercise help to keep the blood sugar levels normal
- If vision does not improve with the conventional treatment, Low vision Aids are prescribed